Source: Perfect Sound Forever features an article on Mitlon Babbitt and jazz.
From the beginning, the relationship between jazz and Western art music–“classical” music–has been complex. At different times, each has viewed the other with fascination, suspicion, complacency, envy, admiration or disdain–and sometimes, even, all of these at once. But one constant of the relationship has been mutual influence. At least since Darius Milhaud composed “La crêation du monde” following a 1922 visit to Harlem, classical composers have drawn melodic ideas from jazz, have adapted jazz timbres, dynamics, and its unique form of polyphony for use in orchestral and chamber music. Jazz musicians, for their part, have composed and improvised with the harmonies pioneered by forward-looking classical composers, have incorporated orchestral instruments such as oboe, French horn and harp into their ensembles, and have adopted some of the formal innovations of the classical avant-garde, particularly in the period after the Second World War.