Sofia Gubaidulina’s Symbolic Sonorous World

From Extended Techniques:

Sofia Gubaidulina
Cover of Sofia Gubaidulina

music is highly symbolic and unusual in timbre, both in terms of instrumental combinations and use of extended techniques. The symbolism behind the sounds often carries spiritual connotation; in 1998 the composer even stated that all her works were religious, which in her understanding had nothing to do with the church. This is one of the reasons why some of her music banned in the USSR and some were not performed until its fall.